- Durian consists of fruit from the trees of the genus Durio. There are at least 30 recognized Durio species and at least nine edible species native to Southeast Asia. Durian is native to moist equatorial forests in Southeast Asia and is believed to have originated in Borneo and Sumatra. It is also most commonly found in different regions including Southeastern India, Burma, peninsular Malaya, South Philippines, South Vietnam, and Thailand.
- Based on traditional use, durian constituents, such as mustard oils and hydroxytryptamines, are used as antibacterial and anti-inflammatory agents and may have vasoconstrictor properties that may reduce swelling and consequently aid skin diseases. In vitro and animal studies have also shown that durian has antioxidant activities (1;2;3). In animal study, durian hindered the rise in plasma lipids when ingesting a high cholesterol diet (2;3), suggesting that durian may also be used as a hypocholesterolemic agent.
-Traditionally, durian is used as an aphrodisiac and as an anthelmintic. The juice of fresh leaves and roots are used to decrease fever. Leaves and juice from the bark have also been used to treat jaundice and malaria.
-Traditionally, durian may be used to treat skin diseases, sores, swelling, and wounds in humans.
-Theoretically, ingestion of uncooked seeds of durian is considered to be poisonous, because the lipid constituents of uncooked seeds contain cyclopropene fatty acids (sterculic, dihydrosterculic) and malvatic acids, which are considered to be toxic and carcinogenic (4) and may cause shortness of breath (5).